The date palm is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf. It is a medium-sized plant, 15–25 m tall, growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system. The leaves are 3–5 m long, with spines on the petiole, and pinnatee, with about 150 leaflets; the leaflets are 30 cm long and 2 cm wide. The full span of the crown ranges from 6 to 10 m.
It is a natural vegetable symbol from the Canarian archipelago that can be found in all the islands.
It can reach 20 metres in height. Its large leaves are grouped at the end of the trunk, resulting in a dense spherical cup.
Its leaves have been used by the aborigines of the islands for the production of clothes, baskets, fishing nets, etc. They are currently used for making mats, hats, brooms, etc.
On the island of La Gomera its sap (cane juice) is extracted for the production of palm honey.
It can reach 7 metres in height. It has leaves arranged in rosettes and dagger-shape ending in a spine.
It has white and sweet-smelling flowers and berry fruits. It resists almost any type of soil and requires little water.
It is found in all the islands, this Canarian endemism is a shrub that can reach 4 metres in height.
Their fragile and pendant branches are characterized by the bad smell they give off when breaking.
It can be found on the bed of gullies from the lower areas of the islands, in which their fruits can be used as a basic diet for different species of reptiles during the dry season of the year.
It is the natural vegetable symbol which represents the island of Gran Canaria. This Canarian endemism can be found in all the islands from the archipelago.
It is a bush-like cactus, candelabriform and succulent, which can occupy large areas. Its branches are upright and are generally quadrangular. It features short spines at the corners of the stems.
Tajine blanco is a Canarian endemism found on the island of Gran Canaria, Lanzarote and Fuerteventeura.
It is a much branched shrub that can be two meters in height.
It is characterized by lance-shaped leaves with small tags spaced along the edges and the main nerve.
The most striking feature is the dense inflorescence with a conical shape, which can be enjoyed throughout the year.
It has a high ornamental value, often used in gardens on the islands. There are a protected species at the regional level.
They occur in arid areas scattered in all the islands from the archipelago.
Very branches and thorny bushes.
It is found in all the islands from the archipelago.
It has lance-shaped leaves located at the ends of its branches.
Its inflorescence is dense, with numerous yellow flowers.
It is found in all the islands from the archipelago, except for El Hierro. This species gives rise to small groves in coastal sandy areas and at the mouth of gullies.
Its wood has been used for the construction of riverbank boats, and it is also used as windbreaks for crop protection.
In medicine it is used for its astringent properties.
It is a protected species in the archipelago.